A fall, whether on level ground or on the stairs, often has serious consequences - especially for senior citizens. Injuries such as spinal fractures, femoral neck fractures, bruises and sprains are often the consequences of a fall. What is often forgotten, however, is the less obvious side effect - the fear of falling again.
By avoiding falls, those affected often fall into a kind of vicious circle from which it is difficult to escape without help and support - especially as they get older.
Over time, the fear of falling again can develop into a kind of avoidance attitude or even a complete refusal to continue being active and moving.
Ultimately, every fall has consequences, both visible and invisible.
This avoidance attitude often leads to reduced activity and the resulting muscle atrophy. This can even lead to a shortened life expectancy.
Falls are often associated with senior citizens. The German Medical Association North Rhine assumes that every year around 80 percent of all over 80-year-olds and around 30 percent of all over 65-year-olds fall in their own home.
However, the risk of falling is not only higher for senior citizens, but also for people with limited mobility.
In Germany, falls are one of the most common causes of accidents. Every year, more than 600,000 people in Germany suffer a fall accident - according to the Federal Statistical Office, 12,867 people died as a result in 2015 alone.
Senior citizens and people with restricted mobility in particular sometimes injure themselves so severely that they end up spending long periods in hospital.
Falls are often caused by more than one factor. It is often a combination of several causes that ultimately leads to the fall. A basic distinction is made between environmental and personal causes - also known as extrinsic and intrinsic causes.
This can be answered very quickly and easily. If you answer "yes" to at least one of the following questions, you are at risk of falling.
Fall prevention includes measures to avoid and prevent falls.
This includes the environmental and personal measures mentioned below as well as training in the correct use of aids. Regular movement exercises to maintain and/or improve the patient's balance and muscles are also very important.
Because movement is the body's own medicine and helps to prevent falls.
As with the causes, the measures are divided into environment-related and person-related.
Remember that all measures could be an option for you or your relative in need of care. You should look into strength and balance training, pay attention to the (side) effects of medication and, above all, eliminate any trip hazards in your home.
Statistically speaking, no. People who live in institutions have a significantly higher risk of falling than people who live at home in familiar surroundings. Around 50% of people living in institutions fall once a year - more than 40% even fall several times a year.
The risk is almost twice as high in the first few months after the move, as those affected are not yet familiar with their new surroundings.
There are a variety of aids available to prevent falls, especially on stairs. These help you to climb the stairs more safely and help you to avoid potential fall accidents on the stairs.
However, previous solutions often contribute to passivating the person affected and, in the worst case, make them even more insecure when climbing stairs.
The TOPRO Step stair climbing aid helps to mobilize the patient and provides the necessary safety and support when climbing stairs at home.
TOPRO Step is the innovative stair climbing aid developed and produced in Norway and offers the necessary safety and support that those affected need when climbing stairs in their own home. The TOPRO Step stair climber is a cheaper alternative to a stairlift and helps those affected to remain active and mobile.
TOPRO Step information video
Climbing stairs regularly helps to increase your gait safety and keeps you active and mobile. TOPRO Step ensures safe stair climbing in your own home - and also outside. Regular stair training can prevent future falls.
No permits or electrical connections are required and TOPRO Step can be installed at short notice. TOPRO Step is a module-based system and can be installed on almost all types of stairs.
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