Muscle atrophy in old age - what helps?

Our muscles are vital. Because we can only move through our muscles. Muscles are also part of many important processes such as swallowing and breathing. If muscle mass decreases significantly with age, this is referred to as muscle atrophy in old age (also known as sarcopenia).

Find out more about the symptoms of muscle atrophy in old age and what you can do about it. It is scientifically proven that the body reaches its maximum muscle mass between the ages of 20 and 30. After that, the human body loses an average of up to one percent of muscle mass per year.

People over the age of 70 lose about three percent of their muscle per year.

These muscles are gradually converted into fat. This age-related muscle loss is a completely natural process and nothing to worry about at first. A healthy diet and targeted strength and endurance training can counteract muscle loss in old age so that both muscle mass and muscle function are adequately maintained.


How do you recognize muscle atrophy in old age?

  • Everyday activities and tasks suddenly become more strenuous and stressful
  • The ability to walk decreases noticeably, e.g. you need support or several breaks when climbing stairs
  • You feel strained just carrying a shopping bag
  • You have difficulty walking or stumble more often
  • There is a risk of losing muscle mass as a result of prolonged bed rest, for example due to a long stay in hospital
  • Various diseases, such as cancer, can reduce muscle mass
Senior hand

How do you counteract muscle atrophy in old age?

If you suspect that you are suffering from muscle atrophy, it is advisable to make an appointment with your GP and discuss the matter.

The most important thing is to keep moving so that the muscles continue to be used. To escape the vicious circle of inactivity and to maintain and build up mobility through everyday movements, there are, for example, senior gymnastics. You can find more tips on being more active in old age here.

Exercise can counteract health risk factors - a lack of exercise, on the other hand, actually promotes them. Especially in old age or with physical limitations, it is important to stay active and maintain your mobility, because "if you rest, you rust!".

Being mobile not only means more independence and self-determination, but also a higher quality of life, better well-being, social participation, disease prevention, health promotion and better opportunities for self-care. The risk of health problems increases with age. Sufficient exercise and regular, targeted training help you to reduce this risk and thus grow older in good health without losing quality of life.

However, in addition to exercise, nutrition also plays an important role in preventing muscle atrophy in old age. The feeling of hunger and thirst often gradually decreases with age, which can lead to malnutrition under certain circumstances. As the need for protein is higher in old age than in young people, you should make sure you eat enough fish, pulses, nuts, eggs and meat.

Building up the muscle structure within your own four walls

Build up the arm muscles

  • Sit on a chair and hold a weight in each hand (dumbbells or two bottles filled with water).
  • Now stretch your arms upwards as far as possible, lower your arms and raise them again.
  • Repeat this several times.

Building up the leg muscles

  • Do a squat: your feet are stable on the floor - your legs should be hip-width apart. The tips of your toes are pointing forwards. It is important that your knees remain behind the tips of your toes throughout the exercise.
  • Take long steps around the apartment to stretch your leg muscles.
  • Sit on a chair and raise and lower your calves. Repeat this several times.

Building up the abdominal muscles

  • Try to get up from the sofa without supporting yourself.
  • Sit down again, stand up again.
  • Repeat this several times

Regular exercise is important to maintain or rebuild your muscle strength. Muscles are strengthened through sufficient exercise and a healthy diet.

Building up muscles by climbing stairs

TOPRO Step stair climber - use up stairs
TOPRO Step stair climber

Climbing stairs at home is a valuable exercise to keep you moving and to maintain and strengthen your muscles. Stair climbing offers clear benefits, as the slow movements are easy on the joints and lead to an intensive workout. Stair climbing strengthens the muscles, increases endurance and helps to improve respiratory function.

For many people, climbing stairs can be a major challenge.

Seniors and people with limited walking function need more support than a normal handrail when training on stairs. The innovative TOPRO Step stair climbing aid, developed in Norway, provides the necessary support and safety.

TOPRO Step information video

Why choose TOPRO Step?

Installation in 3 steps

To carry out an on-site inspection and receive a quote, make an appointment with us. Once you have accepted the quote, we will carry out the installation, which usually only takes a few hours. .

TÜV tested and certified

TOPRO Step is TÜV-tested and certified and meets all functional and safety requirements.

Adaptable to your staircase

TOPRO Step is designed so that it can be easily adapted to your staircase. It can be installed on straight stairs, curved stairs and stairs with a landing.

Fits perfectly in any home

Ask your health insurance company about the possibility of cost coverage or possible subsidies. Please note that these options are country-specific and individual.

Up to 5 years warranty

TOPRO Step means TOPRO quality. When you buy a TOPRO Step, you receive a guarantee of up to 5 years.

Over 2,000 satisfied users

We measure success by satisfied customers, which is our top priority. We already have over 4,000 satisfied users throughout Europe.

Choose your TOPRO Step

Configure your TOPRO Step - in just a few steps!

Do you have any questions?

Talk to us

Would you like a free and personal consultation? Get in touch with our TOPRO Step experts and book a free, no-obligation appointment directly at your home.

We are happy to advise you

TOPRO Step Expert
+47 902 931 00
Monday - Friday
08:00 - 16:00 o'clock.

We are happy to advise you

TOPRO Step Expert
+47 902 931 00
Monday - Friday
08:00 - 16:00 o'clock.

Do you have any questions or would you like to test the TOPRO Step stair climber?

We have compiled all frequently asked questions on the FAQ page

Would you like to find out more about the financing options for the TOPRO Step?


Other news

Torstein climbs the stairs with the stair climbing aid at the Lamartunet Rehabilitation Center

The stair climbing aid has now been installed at the Lamarktunet rehabilitation and retirement center for a one-year trial period. Torstein Lien is 91 years old and now somewhat unsteady on his feet. But now he has the opportunity to practise climbing stairs independently. (This is a translation based on an article by Trond K. Johansen, originally published in Bladet Vesterålen on July 11, 2018)

Read more
Information on the Assistep stair climbing aid cost coverage

Stairlift costs | What does a stairlift cost?

With increasing age or due to illness, many people find that climbing stairs in their own home becomes more and more challenging. In this case, the purchase of a stairlift is often the solution. But what does a stairlift cost? In this article, we will look at what a stairlift is and what alternatives for stairlifts exist and at what price.

Read more

Call us on
+47 902 931 00
We will call you back

Hold down the cmd (Mac) or ctrl (Windows) key and press +/-